Argentina capital

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Es considerada una potencia regional. El primer registro poblacional del territorio actualmente controlado por la Argentina se remonta al La sede del gobierno fue fijada en el Fuerte de Buenos Airesque sirviera desde como residencia de los virreyes y donde hoy se encuentra la Casa de Gobierno.

Comenzaron las guerras por la independencia. La primera conquista, impulsada por Julio A. Estos son elegidos por voto directo de los habitantes de cada distrito, mediante el sistema de lista incompleta, correspondiendo dos a la lista que mayor cantidad de votos obtenga y uno a la que le sigue.

En un segundo nivel existen departamentos, partidos y comunas. Tiene sus propios poderes ejecutivolegislativo y judicial. Las riquezas naturales de la Argentina son inmensas. En la precordillera se encuentran yacimientos minerales de distinta variedad, como uranioplataetc. Puna en el Noroeste argentino.

Yungas en el Noroeste argentino. Parque nacional Talampayaprovincia de La Rioja. Vista de la Quebrada de Cafayateen el punto denominado Tres Cruces. Se destacan los lagos Nahuel HuapiViedma y Argentino. Lago PueloChubut. Glaciar UpsalaSanta Cruz. En altitudes andinas muy elevadas se presenta el clima nival. Los suelos superficiales de la llanura pampeana poseen una gran cantidad de humus. Las plantas comunes son el copihue y el colihue. En el noroeste de la Argentina hay muchas especies del cactus.

Lengas en Tierra del Fuego. Curyprospera desde el este de la provincia de Misiones. En el norte tropical y mayormente subtropical se encuentra una gran cantidad de especies animales. Algunas especies se extienden hacia la Patagonia. En el extremo sur se encuentran los cormoranesque se alimentan de peces.

Zorro colorado fueguino. Flamencos de la puna. Guacamayo Rojo de Corrientes. Los bosques de Argentina son el conjunto de ecosistemas de tipo boscoso de la Argentina. La Iglesia San Francisco en Salta. Cerro de los Siete Colores en Purmamarca. La Cueva de las manosfechadas en el a. Quebrada de las Conchas en Salta.It is subdivided into centavos. The official exchange rate for the United States dollar hovered around from toclimbing from to between and By Augustthe rate had risen to Inthe inflation rate experienced the steepest year-on-year increase since the Great Recession.

By August 12,the rate had risen to after the market's reaction to the Argentine primary elections.

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Earlier pesos replaced currencies also called peso, and sometimes two varieties of peso coexisted, making it necessary to have a distinguishing term to use, at least in the transitional period; the peso replaced a currency with a different name, austral.

The peso was a name often used for the silver Spanish eight- real coin. Following independenceArgentina began issuing its own coins, denominated in realessoles and escudosincluding silver eight-real or sol coins still known as pesos. These coins, together with those from neighbouring countries, circulated until Intwo paper money issues began, denominated in pesos. It was replaced by the peso moneda nacional at par in It started at par with the peso fuerte, but depreciated with time.

However, the economic crisis ensured that no further silver coins were issued. The Argentine gold coin from was the gold peso fuerte, one and two-thirds of a gram of gold of finenessequivalent to one and a half grams of fine gold, defined by law of This unit was based on that recommended by the European Congress of Economists in Paris in and adopted by Japan in the Argentine 5 peso fuerte coin was equivalent to the Japanese 5 yen.

This currency was used from until January 1, [6] The design was changed in and again in The peso ley The currency was born just before the return of democracy, on June 1, However, it rapidly lost its purchasing power and was devalued several times, and was replaced by a new currency called the austral in June During the period of circulation of the austral, Argentina suffered from hyperinflation.

Emergency notes of 10, 50, andaustrales were issued, and provincial administrations issued their own currency for the first time in decades.The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districtsconstitutes the fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the Americaswith a population of around The city of Buenos Aires is neither part of Buenos Aires Province nor the Province's capital; rather, it is an autonomous district.

argentina capital

Inafter decades of political infightingBuenos Aires was federalized and removed from Buenos Aires Province. Its citizens first elected a chief of government i.

Buenos Aires' quality of life was ranked 91st in the world inbeing one of the best in Latin America. Buenos is known for its preserved Eclectic European architecture [11] and rich cultural life. Buenos Aires is a multicultural city, being home to multiple ethnic and religious groups. Several languages are spoken in the city in addition to Spanish, contributing to its culture and the dialect spoken in the city and in some other parts of the country.

This is because in the last years the city, and the country in general, has been a major recipient of millions of immigrants from all over the worldmaking it a melting pot where several ethnic groups live together and being considered one of the most diverse cities of the Americas. It is recorded under the archives of Aragonese that Catalan missionaries and Jesuits arriving in Cagliari Sardinia under the Crown of Aragon, after its capture from the Pisans in established their headquarters on top of a hill that overlooked the city.

During the siege of Cagliari, the Catalans built a sanctuary to the Virgin Mary on top of the hill. InKing Alfonso the Gentle donated the church to the Mercedarianswho built an abbey that stands to this day.

In the years after that, a story circulated, claiming that a statue of the Virgin Mary was retrieved from the sea after it miraculously helped to calm a storm in the Mediterranean Sea. The statue was placed in the abbey. Spanish sailors, especially Andalusiansvenerated this image and frequently invoked the "Fair Winds" to aid them in their navigation and prevent shipwrecks.

A sanctuary to the Virgin of Buen Ayre would be later erected in Seville. Mendoza's settlement soon came under attack by indigenous people, and was abandoned in For many years, the name was attributed to a Sancho del Campo, who is said to have exclaimed: How fair are the winds of this land!

argentina capital

But Eduardo Maderoin after conducting extensive research in Spanish archives, ultimately concluded that the name was indeed closely linked with the devotion of the sailors to Our Lady of Buen Ayre. The short form "Buenos Aires" became the common usage during the 17th century. The usual abbreviation for Buenos Aires in Spanish is Bs. While "BA" is used more by expats residing in the city, the locals more often use the abbreviation "Baires", in one word. The settlement founded by Mendoza was located in what is today the San Telmo district of Buenos Aires, south of the city centre.

More attacks by the indigenous people forced the settlers away, and in the site was abandoned. From its earliest days, Buenos Aires depended primarily on trade.

During most of the 17th century, Spanish ships were menaced by pirates, so they developed a complex system where ships with military protection were dispatched to Central America in a convoy from Seville the only port allowed to trade with the colonies, to Lima, Peru and from it to the inner cities of the viceroyalty.Luciana de Cordoba Capital chupandola.

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Where is Argentina?

Luciana de Cordoba Capital chupandola 3 min Elporinguero - 65k Views. Mi culona cordoba capital 31 sec Pitymurua - Rubia mamando Argenta Cordoba Capital 5 min Elporinguero - Cogiendo con mi novia 3 2 min Cordobaporn - Perdi mi juguete 37 sec Lilconejita - Mi nena moviendo el culo y terrible acabada 69 sec Pepetalehot - Cordobesa golosa 2 min Cordobaporn - Puta de trampa con su amante 3 min Evaputona - Argentina dandose con Pepinos 4 min Angusmacgyver - 3.

Argentina necesitada quiere una cojida 7 min Lilconejita - Karla mancuello 19 sec Chingon - 1. Le doy sin condon y filmo de cerca muy linda morocha de buenos aires capital 85 sec Serpapuquin - Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period.

The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. The declaration and fight for independence — was followed by an extended civil war that lasted untilculminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigrationmainly Italians and Spaniardsradically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook; Following the Great Depression in the s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, [26] though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades.

She was overthrown in by a U. Several of the junta's leaders were later convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, and retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America. The description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish languagehowever the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian.

The Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is often used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina. The name Argentina was probably first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are respectively plata and prata and " made of silver" is said plateado and prateado.

Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legendwidespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.

The constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. In English, the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina [38] and perhaps resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name 'Argentine Republic'. The earliest traces of human life in the area now known as Argentina are dated from the Paleolithic period, with further traces in the Mesolithic and Neolithic. Europeans first arrived in the region with the voyage of Amerigo Vespucci.

Buenos Aires repelled two ill-fated British invasions in and Beginning a process from which Argentina was to emerge as successor state to the Viceroyalty, [20] the May Revolution replaced the viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros with the First Juntaa new government in Buenos Aires composed by locals. Revolutionaries split into two antagonist groups: the Centralists and the Federalists —a move that would define Argentina's first decades of independence.

The Battle of Cepedafought between the Centralists and the Federalists, resulted in the end of the Supreme Director rule. In Buenos Aires enacted another centralist constitutionwith Bernardino Rivadavia being appointed as the first president of the country.

However, the interior provinces soon rose against him, forced his resignation and discarded the constitution. As new president of the Confederation, Urquiza enacted the liberal and federal Constitution. Buenos Aires seceded but was forced back into the Confederation after being defeated in the Battle of Cepeda.

Starting with Julio Argentino Roca inten consecutive federal governments emphasized liberal economic policies. The massive wave of European immigration they promoted—second only to the United States'—led to a near-reinvention of Argentine society and economy that by had placed the country as the seventh wealthiest [23] developed nation [24] in the world.A prataem latimrecebe o nome de argentumnome substantivo ao qual corresponde o adjetivo argentinus.

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San Luis foi estabelecida em A Batalha de Cepeda detravada entre os centralistas e os federalistas, resultou no fim do governo do Diretor Supremo. A Argentina permaneceu neutra durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial.

O absoluto fracasso das tropas argentinas e a morte de aproximadamente jovens soldados propulsionou o golpe definitivo ao regime militar. Cristina Kirchner foi reeleita em O litoral sul de Terra do Fogo forma a margem norte do Canal de Beagle.

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O Zondaum vento quente e secoafeta o centro-oeste da Argentina. Espremido de umidade durante os 6. Quebrada das Conchasem Salta. Parque Nacional Los CardonesSalta. Houve movimentos para mudar o centro administrativo para outro lugar. A Argentina tem cerca de Fontes oficiais relataram cerca de 1.

argentina capital

A Argentina produz, de acordo com dados decerca de cerca de As sobremesas comuns incluem facturasbolos e panquecas cheias de doce de leitealfajores e sopaipillas. A AFA conta hoje 3. Nota: Se procura pelo peixe, veja Argentina sphyraena. Ver artigo principal: Peronismo. Ver artigo principal: Geografia da Argentina. Ushuaiaa cidade mais austral do mundo. Lago Nahuel Huapi. Ver artigo principal: Demografia da Argentina.

Ver artigo principal: Argentinos. Casa Rosada em Buenos Airessede do governo argentino. Ver artigo principal: Economia da Argentina. Ver artigo principal: Turismo na Argentina.This city has a population size of 3. This city is known for its high quality of life. For example, residents of Buenos Aires have one of the highest household income levels in South America.

Additionally, this capital city is is popular with tourists, who come to take in the multicultural scene and European-influenced architecture. Present-day Buenos Aires was inhabited by indigenous peoples until Spanish explorers founded the city in The native inhabitants defended their homes and forced the European settlers out of the region by Nearly 40 years later, Spanish colonizers returned and established a trading post.

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Traders of the time, however, were penalized by the complexity of the approved trading routes which benefitted Lima, Peru and by the later part of the 19th century, began to promote the idea of independence from the Spanish crown. InBuenos Aires led present-day Argentina to the Argentine War of Independence, gaining freedom six years later. Buenos Aires later managed to fight off attempted French invasions during the midth century.

The population of the city began to grow in the early 20th century, with rural to urban migration as individuals came to Buenos Aires looking for employment opportunities in its successful industrial sector.


This capital city has remained an important economic, political, and cultural center for Argentina. The current population of the city proper is relatively unchanged since the middle of the 20th century when rural to urban migration slowed. This limited growth has been attributed to low immigration numbers and a lower than average birth rate in the city.

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This pattern has not been seen in the greater metropolitan area, however, which has experienced rapid population growth. The population of Buenos Aires has a similar age structure to most of the urban areas throughout Europe. Additionally, the vast majority of residents here live in apartment buildings rather than traditional houses. The city reported an 8. In terms of ethnicity, most residents of Buenos Aires are of European descent.

Additionally, the city is home to the largest Jewish population in South America, with a size ofpeople. Chinese immigrants make up the fourth-largest immigrant group, many of whom came from Taiwan during the s.

Argentina capital